The perennial columbine blooms from mid-spring to early summer. Here’s how to plant and grow columbine flowers in your garden!
Columbines, also known as Granny’s Bonnet, are known for their bell-shaped, spurred flowers, which range in color from light pastels to bright reds, yellows, oranges, purples, and bi-colors. There are over 70 species!
The leaves have a lacy appearance. While they look delicate, columbine are very hardy and resilient—being deer-resistant and drought-tolerant.
The flowers are very attractive to butterflies, bees, moths and hummingbirds!
- Columbine grows in sun or light shade.
- If planting a container plant, dig a hole twice the diameter of the pot the plant is in.
- Place the plant in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface.
- Fill in around the plant and firm the soil gently.
- Space mature plants 1 to 2 feet apart, depending on the variety.
- Water thoroughly.
- Do not overwater.
- Deadhead faded flowers and new buds will develop along the stems. The bloom season can be extended by as long as six weeks into mid summer.
- Cut back foliage to the ground in the fall.
- When the ground is frozen, mulch to protect plants.
Common Pests & Diseases
- Powdery mildew
- Leaf miner
- Columbine’s Latin name, Aquilegia, is derived from the Latin word for eagle, aquila. The long spurs that extend behind the flower petals resemble the claws of an eagle.
- Native Americans used the crushed seeds as a love charm and for medicinal purposes.
- The crushed roots and seeds were once used to treat headaches, heart problems and sore throats.
Information courtesy of Almanac.com